Get closer to your skin

Get closer to your skin

The skin is the organ that provides an outside layer to the human body. It has three layers:

EPIDERMIS

The epidermis has no blood vessels, only a few nerves. The cells are linked together by intercellular cement and bridges, which ensure cohesion. Its primary function is to protect the body from bacterial aggressions and to evacuate sweat.

DERMIS

This viscous gel contains blood vessels, nerve endings, sweat glands, sebaceous glands (attached to hairs and secrete sebum, a fatty acid that lubricates the skin and hairs), hair and a lot of water. It is composed of elastic, fibrous tissues and collagen, which is responsible for skin tone and firmness. Its thickness varies according to the different areas of the body, ranging from a few millimetres on the face, neck and flexion creases to 1 cm on the back. Alterations in the dermis are the main cause of visible ageing: wrinkles.

HYPODERMIS

It is a layer composed of cells that contain fat: adipocytes. It acts as a cushion to absorb mechanical impacts. It protects the underlying tissues (acts like a mattress). It houses hair follicles, the base of the sebaceous glands.

Dry skin:

Features: thin, lacks lipids, "pulls" (uncomfortable), redness, tight pores, tends to peel, early appearance of wrinkles. Needs: gently cleanse, hydrate, nourish, protect.

Normal skin:

Features: skin with well-balanced lipid and water levels that can, either permanently or occasionally, lack brightness or softness. Needs: maintain the right balance between lipids and water levels, provide protection, radiance and softness.

Oily skin:

Features: thick skin, irregular skin texture, excess sebum on the "T" zone (forehead, nose, chin) or even on the entire face, shine, open pores, prone to blemishes.
Needs: gently cleanse, purify, regulate excess sebum, mattify, hydrate.
The T-zone and cheeks may have two different skin types: this is referred to as combination skin.

Throughout the year, skin may change with the seasons, according to the person's health, due to ageing or because of certain lifestyles. Our skin's needs may therefore change.

Dehydrated skin:

Features: peels and lacks water.
Needs: gently cleanse, hydrate, protect.

Sensitive skin:

Features: skin reacts to hot and cold environments, to cleansing, to aggressive treatments, redness mainly on the cheeks and around the eyes.
Needs: gently cleanse, soothe, hydrate, protect and use gentle treatments.

Mature skin:

Features: thin skin, lacks lipids and water, loss of suppleness and elasticity, appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.
Needs: gently cleanse, nourish, regenerate, smooth, firm.